bookmark_borderA Brief Introduction to Urumqi

As we all know, Urumqi is the capital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, an important central city in Northwest China and an international trade center for Central Asia and West Asia. Urumqi is a Mongolian phonetic translation, meaning “graceful pasture”. It was originally a nomadic area of the Heshuote Ministry of Western Mongolia. In the last 20 years of Qianlong reign, the end of the Junggar Khanate was conquered, troops were built and the name was determined. So even if Xinjiang is an Uygur Autonomous Region, Xinjiang has many different nationalities because Uygur itself is a mixed race since ancient times, so the capital  Urumqi is the Junggar Mongol language instead of the Uygur language.

Urumqi has a perfect transportation network. BRT Express Bus and ordinary bus run through the city. It also has modern high buildings and cleaner streets in summer (the snow in winter is dirty). Travel and shopping are more convenient. The vertical and horizontal viaducts, to some extent, reflect the modernization of Xinjiang, but at the same time expose the unreasonable traffic planning, the shortcoming is that they are so vertical and horizontal that sometimes people can not tell all directions. When you come to Urumqi, you don’t need to worry about the language barrier. Most of the ethnic minorities here can speak Chinese, and the Han nationality has a very high ratio. May-October is the best time to travel in Xinjiang every year, because the pressure of violent terrorism has brought many externalities. This pressure has greatly increased the number of police and reduced the proportion of other crimes, such as theft, robbery, abduction and so on. In front of the state machinery, small forces will have no place. For ordinary people, there is no need to worry about violent terrorism. Just be careful to prevent accidents.

Next, I’d like to introduce some view spots to Urumqi.

  1. International Big Bazaar

Xinjiang International Big Bazaar, which was completed on June 26, 2003, is the world’s largest Bazaar (Uygur, meaning market, agricultural market). It integrates Islamic culture, architecture, national commerce, entertainment and catering. It is the gathering place and exhibition center of tourism products in Xinjiang and the “window of Xinjiang“, “window of Central Asia” and “window of the world“.

Big Bazaar has a wide range of goods, but most of them are handicraft items for tourists to watch. If left as a souvenir, you can buy less, but most of them are more expensive than other places.

There’s a Carrefour supermarket downstairs in Big Bazaar. It’s very cheap. There’s a person from Hetian selling Uygur cream and ice-cream for five yuan each at the door. In addition, he will send you some tricks for a minute. It is interesting and deserves to try.

  1. Hongshan Park

Hongshan Park Scenic Area, located in the center of Urumqi City, is a comprehensive natural mountain park which integrates tourism, classical features, humanistic connotation, sports and fitness. It is a national 4A-level tourist attraction. Friends living near the city center can go there for a walk without tickets. It is easy to climb to the top of the mountain and overlook the whole view of Urumqi.

To the west of the overlooking building, there is a monument of Lin Zexu. In the nineteenth year of Qingdaoguang (1839), Lin Zexu, the national hero, destroyed cigarettes in Humen, Guangdong. In June of the second year (1840), after the beginning of the Opium War, the British army failed to attack Guangdong and Fujian, and then changed to attack Zhejiang, conquered Dinghai and invaded Dagu in the north. Emperor Daoguang panicked for peace and blamed Lin Zexu for his “poor management” in Guangdong. In September, Lin Zexu was dismissed. Daoguang 22 years (1842), he was demoted to serve in Ili. Daoguang 25 years (1845) on December 4, he climbed the Red Mountain, sighing with emotion, chanting a poem: “Free to sing, lying on the top of the Red Mountain drunk. The wind comes, the wine gets strong.” To commemorate his great achievements, a statue of him was erected at the side of the Red Mountain Pagoda.

  1. Museum of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region

Be careful! It’s the Museum of the Autonomous Region, not the Museum of Urumqi.

Museums are essential to understand the history and culture of a place. Xinjiang is the hinterland of Eurasia. It can be said that a history of Xinjiang is the development history of the Silk Road, and the development history of the Silk Road is roughly the same as that of Eurasia. The new Museum of the Museum of the Autonomous Region was built in 2005 with a building area of 17288 square meters. At present, the permanent exhibitions include: 1. Xinjiang Ethnic Minority Folklore Exhibition – Systematically introducing the folk customs and customs of 12 indigenous minorities in Xinjiang in dress, living, festival entertainment, wedding and funeral, etiquette, diet, religion and other aspects. 2. Exhibitions of Xinjiang’s History and Unearthed Cultural Relics – More than 1,000 precious cultural relics, including Jinjuan, ceramics, clay figurines, coins, stele stickers, documents, classics, weapons and implements, were unearthed and collected from the Silk Road four or five thousand years ago to modern times. 3. The exhibition of ancient corpses in Xinjiang includes the female corpses of Loulan over 3,800 years ago, the female corpses of Hami over 3,200 years ago and the female corpses of QieMo 3,000 years ago. The Museum has also held special presentations on “primitive society of China”, “feudal society of Gaochang in Wei, Jin, Southern and Southern Dynasties, Sui and Tang Dynasties”, “silk weaving technology of great motherland”, “primitive society of Xinjiang”, “Xinjiang in Han and Tang Dynasties”, “Xinjiang grotto murals (copy),”unearthed cultural relics of Xinjiang“,”the beautiful motherland“,”ancient corpses of Xinjiang (and accompanied cultural relics), “library collection paintings” exhibition and so on. In addition, the museum also has free and beautiful Uygur tour guides, and you can linger in bilingual explanations and experience exotic customs.

  1. Shuimogou Park

It is 3 kilometers away from the municipal government and has an area of 36 square kilometers. It consists of “Six Mountains and One River” (Qingquan Mountain, Hongqiao Mountain, Hot Spring Mountain, Shuita Mountain, Xuelian Mountain, Red Mountain and Shuimo River). It is said that Comrade Mao Zemin once convalesced here. Before Xiangfei married Qianlong leaving the Kashgar palace, she soaked in hot springs here. The water here does not freeze in winter, but it is very cool in summer. It is a very good sanatorium for recuperation.

Here is the site of Urumqi Qiyi Cotton Mill. After the peaceful liberation of Xinjiang, enterprises such as Bayi Iron and Steel Works and Qiyi Cotton Textile Mills were established. Many of the 8,000 Hunan women of that year can be found here.

The barbecued meat and steamed buns of Qifang are very good. There is a row of businessman selling barbecued meat in the small market. Sheep sausage and sheep kidney are very fresh, and the barbecue meat is very tender. Everyone thinks it is very good.

  1. Night Market in Urumqi

Night markets play an extremely important role in the memory of Xinjiang people. After all, Xinjiang’s barbecue is probably the best and most famous in the country. People from all over the world are sitting together, smoking and burning, sheep intestines, kidneys, tender sheep dolls, roasted quail, roasted eggs, all kinds of ice cream are dazzling. Every time I think of them, I can’t help swallowing.

But because of the situation in Xinjiang, night markets have been cancelled in many areas.

Now let’s talk about the night market in Urumqi. Yes, many of them have already opened.

Serial number



Ⅰ.Dawan night market

In front of the Jinkun Real Estate on Dawan Road

Ⅱ.May Day Cinema Square Night Market

In front of the May Day Cinema on Huanghe Road

Ⅲ.Sunshine 100 Mall Starlight Night Market

In front of the Sunshine 100 Mall on Yellow River Road

Ⅳ.South Nanhu Road Food Street Night Market

Near Carrefour Supermarket on South Hunan Road

Ⅴ.Wenzhou Street Night Market

In the roadway connecting Beijing South Road and Altay Road

Ⅵ.Qifang District Night Market

In front of the Qifang District

Ⅶ.Jiaheyuan Night Market

In front of the Jiaheyuan Neighborhood on the Aletai Road

Ⅷ.Unite National Customs Night Market

Entrance of Unity Theatre of Jiefang South Road

Ⅸ.Binhai Square Night Market

In front of the Peace Metropolis on the Democracy Road

The night market is partly open. You’d better ask about it before you go.

Many sentimental friends come to Urumqi to eat seafood specially, because it is the farthest city from the sea in the world.

bookmark_borderTop 100 Facts You Do Not Know About Xinjiang, China

China has a territorial area of about 9.6 million square kilometers (excluding territorial sea), and is the third largest country on the earth after Russia and Canada. China’s version looks like a cock, and the plump cocktail is Xinjiang.

As the saying goes, you are not feeling the vastness and breadth of the motherland without arriving at Xinjiang, and how can we know the breast diameter and backbone of Xinjiang’s land without climbing the Tianshan Mountains?

Simply speaking, Xinjiang has three mountains with two basins, and the Tarim Basin, the largest inland basin in China, and the Junggar Basin, the second largest inland basin, are sandwiched between the Altai, Tianshan and Kunlun Mountains. It’s interesting to say that the word “Xinjiang”新疆 is split up. The word “bow” stands for the curved border line of Xinjiang. The word “earth” stands for the vast territory of Xinjiang. Isn’t the word “field” just a combination of three mountains and two basins? When Chairman Mao headlined the Xinjiang Daily, he wrote “Xinjiang Daily“, which was said to have taken away the “soil” of the word “jiang”疆, because Russia occupied a large area of Xinjiang’s land, and the elderly were very unwilling!

  • 1. Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is the largest province in China, which is adjacent to Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Afghanistan and India. From the East to West are about two thousand kilometers long, from the north to South are about 160 kilometers wide, and the total area is 16649,900 square kilometers, including 420,000 square kilometers of desert and 290,000 square kilometers of Gobi. It has 19.25 million population and 47 ethnic groups.
  • 2. Urumqi is the largest city farthest from the ocean, located in the southern margin of Junggar Basin in the northern part of Tianshan Mountains in Xinjiang. According to the Asian Continental Center, the total area is 11.4 million square kilometers. “Urumqi” is a “graceful pasture” in Mongolian. It was established in 1934, named Dihua, and renamed Urumqi in 1954. It was the earliest location of Rob Country in 36 countries in the Western Regions.
  • 3. The Asian Continental Geographic Center is located in Baojiacaozi Village, Yongfeng Township, Urumqi County. Its geographic coordinates are 87 degrees 19’32″longitude to the east, 43 degrees 40’37” latitude to the north and 1280 meters above sea level.
  • 4. The largest state in the country is the Bayinguoling Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture. The Mongolian language is a “fertile watershed”, covering an area of 471,526 square kilometers (more than 10 square kilometers larger than Japan), with a total population of 1.08 million. In the Han Dynasty, the “capital of the Western Regions” was set up in Luntai County, which is the military and cultural center of the Western Regions. There were 11 states of 36 states in the Western Regions in Bazhou. They were Yanqi, Weili, Quli, Ruoqiang, Qimo, Xiaowan, Weixu, Shanguo, Wulei and Shanshan (Loulan). The famous ancient city of Loulan, the ruins of Milan and the Taklimakan Desert are all in Bazhou.
  • 5. The largest county is Ruoqiang County, which belongs to Bazhou and is located in the north of Altun Mountain, south of the Taklimakan Desert. The total area is 199222 square kilometers, about the area of two Zhejiang provinces. Its population is less than 30000. It is also the county with the smallest population density in the whole country.
  • 6. The driest places are Taklimakan Desert and Ruoqiang County, where the environment is very bad, the climate is very dry, the wind and sand are big, the rainfall is small, and the annual average precipitation is 5 mm.
  • 7. Bayinbrook Grassland, the largest alpine grassland, is located in the northern region of Western part of Hejing County, with a total area of 238,000 square kilometers, second only to the Inner Mongolia Ordos Grassland. Bayinbrook means “the fountain of abundance” in Mongolian language.
  • 8. The largest Bazaar International Bazaar is located in the Erdao Bridge in Urumqi, covering an area of about 100000 square meters. Bazaar is what the Uygur call a bazaar.
  • 9. Altun Mountain Nature Reserve, the largest nature reserve, is located in the area of Altun Mountain in Bayinguo Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture, covering an area of about 45000 square kilometers. Wild camels are world-class protected animals, and the number of them is less than a thousand. There are 650 wild camels in China now.
  • 10. Kashgar, the city with the most Uygur folk customs, is located in the western margin of the Tarim Basin, at the foot of the Pamir Plateau, 1455 kilometers away from Urumqi and the location of Shule country of 36 countries in the Western Regions. Xiangfei Tomb and Aitigaer Mosque are well-known monuments.
  • 11. Etigal Mosque, the largest mosque, is located in the center of Kashgar. Built in 1442, it covers a total area of 17000 square meters and can accommodate 7000 worshippers. “Islam” is Arabic, meaning “respect”, “conversion” and “obedience”, “Muslim” means “respectful people”, “converter” and “obedient”. The founder was Mohammed.
  • 12. The most famous Uygur architectural style of the Sugong Pagoda is located in the outskirts of Turpan, 37 meters high. It was built by Ermin Hezhuo, the King of Turpan, and his son Sulaiman, to express their gratitude to Allah and the Qing government. The Emperor of Emin County actively assisted the Qing government to calm down the rebellion in southern Xinjiang and safeguarded the unification of the country.
  • 13. Tianchi, the largest foot-washing basin, is a lake on the mountainside of Bogda. It is 1910 meters above sea level and covers an area of about 5 square kilometers. The deepest depth can reach 105 meters. Lake water is pure, known as “holy water“.
  • 14. The largest Populus Euphratica Park is located on the Tarim River in Luntai County. There are a lot of primitive populus euphratica growing here. Populus euphratica is the most vigorous tree species. According to legend, Populus euphratica “can not die for a thousand years, can not fall down after dying for a thousand years, can not be rotten after falling down for a thousand years and can not be decayed after being rotten for a thousand years”.
  • 15. Bayinbrook Swan Lake, the largest Swan reserve, is located in the Bayinbrook grassland of Hejing County, covering an area of about 1100 square kilometers.
  • 16. Kaner Well, the longest well, was first drilled in the Han Dynasty. It is mainly distributed in Turpan, Hami and Muli, with a total length of more than 3000 kilometers. It is known as the “Underground Great Wall”.
  • 17. Flaming Mountains, the hottest mountains, consisting of red sandstone and shale, are located in the Tianshan Mountains between Turpan City and Shanshan County. The highest temperature in summer is 49.6 degree C, and the mountain surface temperature is above 80 degree C. Flame Mountain Canyon also has the famous Bozikrik Thousand Buddha Cave, which currently has 83 caves remaining.
  • 18. UrheDevil City“, the most terrible city, is located in the desert of Urhe north of Karamay. It covers an area of tens of thousands of square kilometers. Every year, the wind blows from spring to winter. When the wind passes through the city, there are voice like ghosts crying and wolves howling, so it is called Devil City. It is Yadan landform. “Yadan” is the Uygur language, meaning piers of earth and a swath of depression.
  • 19. The largest Bagua City is Turks County, Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture. Its street form is unique. The urban planning is designed and built according to the “acquired map” of the Eight Diagrams in Zhouyi, which is known as the “Bagua City”.
  • 20. Turpan is the place with the most grapes. Every year, more than one million mu of grapes are planted in the north and south of Tianshan Mountains, with an annual output of more than 700,000 tons. There are more than 250 varieties. Turpan’s Thompson seedless, Mammoth grape, Munag, Kashkhar, and Hetianhong varieties. 85% of raisins in China are produced in Turpan.
  • 21. The early-excavated Buddhist grottoes of Kizil Buddhism are the relics of 36 countries in the Western Regions. Located in the southeast of Kizil Town, Baicheng County, Aksu District, there are 236 existing caves with a wall area of more than 10,000 square meters. They are one of the four largest caves in China. (Longmen, Dunhuang, Yungang).
  • 22. Jiaohe Ancient City, the most complete and well-preserved native city, is located on a willow loess platform about 10 kilometers west of Turpan City, a north-south 1700 meters long and 300 meters wide. The total area is about 500,000 square meters. It was the earliest capital of the former Western Regions.
  • 23. The Loulan City in Pompeii in the East was located in the northwest of Lop Nur, Yadan Desert, Ruoqiang, Bayinguo Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture. Loulan Site is the site of Loulan State and Shanshan State, one of the 36 countries in the Western Regions. It is famous for the important cultural relics unearthed in the world.
  • 24. The oldest corpse is commonly known as “Loulan Beauty“. It unearthed from the Loulan tomb in Ruoqiang Lop Nur in 1980 and was 1800 years earlier than Mawangdui female corpse in Changsha and belonged to European race. Ancient corpses in the world are divided into dry corpses, wet corpses, frozen corpses, wax corpses and so on. Ancient corpses unearthed in Xinjiang are dry corpses.
  • 25. The largest reproductive rock painting of Kangjiashimenzi Rock Painting remains in Changji’s Hui nationality Autonomous Prefecture Hutubi County, more than 80 kilometers south of the Tianshan Mountains in the depth of a cliff wall. The “Primitive Reproductive Worship Rock Painting” which is composed of the largest number of pictures with the largest area of figures found at present is the work of the ancestors of the grassland called Saizhou people 3000 years ago.
  • 26. Kizilgaha beacon tower, the most complete beacon tower, is located in the South saltwater ditch of Queertag Mountain, 14 kilometers northwest of Kuqa County, Aksu region. It is fifteen meters high and is one of the military communication facilities in the Han Dynasty and a symbol of the exercise of sovereignty by the state. Ancient name, ten miles and one peak platform, beacon fire day to Beijing. Once there is a military operation, it is really a “smoke of wolves”.
  • 27. Xiaohe Cemetery, the most mysterious desert cemetery, also known as the grave of a thousand coffins. It is located in the desert east of Alkan, Tarim Basin. Xiaohe Cemetery was first discovered by Chinese Aldek. It is also called the most mysterious tomb group in Xinjiang, along with Tieban River Tomb in Loulan and the Sun Tomb in Kongque River.
  • 28. The best preserved ancient wooden statues were born in the tomb of Yanbulak in Hami in the 1990s. It’s probably a relic from the 12th to 16th centuries B.C and represents the ancient culture of sex and sculpture.
  • 29. The Western Regions Capital Guard House, the military and political organization in the Western Regions, was established first. Located in the territory of Bayinguoling Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture, it was founded in the second shenjue year of the Western Han Dynasty, and was the earliest military and political institution established by the Han government in the Western Regions. It is the most important event in the western part of China, representing the unification of the central government in the western region.
  • 30. The most famous ancient inscription brocade is “five stars originated form China in the east” inscription brocade. In 1995, it was unearthed in Tomb No. 8 of Niya No. 1 Cemetery, Minfeng County, Hetian District. It was the arm guard of the rich and elite people in the Han Dynasty.
  • 31. The oldest harp is musical instrument and relic of the Han Dynasty. The earliest musical instrument appeared in ancient Egypt, which was called “Hab“. It was introduced into the Central Plains during the Western Han Dynasty.
  • 32. The most exquisite ancient Silk fabrics, unearthed in Niya in 1995, are the remains of the princes in the Western Regions of the Han and Jin Dynasties. The inscription is “The princes marry for thousands of years and their children live forever”. As early as the Han Dynasty, the ancient Greeks and Romans called China the “State of Cyris” and the Chinese Cyris.
  • 33. The oldest female decorative bag, was unearthed in 1995 in Niya No. 1 cemetery, Minfeng County, Hotan area, belongs to the elite women of the Western Regions of the Han and Jin Dynasties. It is preserved so completely that rare in the whole country and it is the oldest “female decorative bag” nowadays.
  • 34. The statue of Fuxi Nuwa is the first one published in UN magazines. It was unearthed in 1965 at the Astana Tomb Group in Turpan and published on the front page of UNESCO magazine in 1983.
  • 35. The longest land silk road was from Chang’an, Luoyang to Gansu, Xinjiang to Iran, Rome and other places in the Han and Tang Dynasties. It was 7000 kilometers long, 4000 kilometers in China and 2000 kilometers in Xinjiang. Because Chinese businessmen transported large quantities of silk to the west, they were called the “Silk Road” by historians.
  • 36. The oldest tree species, small-leaved white wax tree, is the only wild population in Yining County. From the end of Tertiary to the end of Quaternary, 70 million to 1 million years ago, the ancient tree species left over from Quaternary is known as “broad-leaved forest living fossil“.
  • 37. Snout fish, the most precious “giant panda” in the water, is commonly known as the big head fish. It is a kind of rare and ancient fish in the world. Living in the Tarim River, it is the national level of endangered aquatic protected animals.
  • 38. Tarim River, the longest inland river, is throughout Tarim River Basin in length and breadth. It is composed of Yerkang River, Hetian River and Aksu River. It is 2750 kilometers long, second only to the Volga River, the world’s second largest inland river.
  • 39. Bosten Lake, the largest inland freshwater lake, is located in Bohu County, Bayinguoling Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture, in Heshuo territory. It is the end of the Kaidu River and the source of the Peacock River. The famous species of fish is Wudaohei. The famous scenic spots are Golden Beach and Silver Beach.
  • 40. Kanas Lake, the deepest cold water lake, is located in the Altai Mountains in the northwest of the Altai region, 120 kilometers from Bulzin County. The lake covers an area of 44 square kilometers with an elevation of 1374. The deepest part of the lake is 188.5 meters. It is a discolored lake. The fish species is famous for the salmon, commonly known as the big red fish, with a body length of more than 2 meters.
  • 41. The largest glacier area, Tianshan Glacier, is located in the Tianshan Snow Peak at an altitude of 3000-4000 meters. The most famous glacier in Tianshan Mountains is Glacier No. 1 at the source of Urumqi.
  • 42. The largest mud volcano groups are located in Baiyanggou, Wusu City. Mud volcano is a natural phenomenon created by the earth and a rare natural landscape in the world.
  • 43. Tarim Basin, the largest basin, is located in the south of Tianshan Mountains and north of Altun Mountains and Kunlun Mountains. The Tarim Basin is 560,000 square kilometers, which means “arable land” in Uygur.
  • 44. Vermiculite is abundant in Yuli County, Bayinguoling Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture, with a reserves of 28 million tons, accounting for more than 90% of the country’s total vermiculite reserves, second only to South Africa, which is the second largest vermiculite producing area in the world.
  • 45. Taklimakan Desert, the largest desert, is located in the central Tarim Basin. It is the best extreme sports ground and special tourist area in the world. It is also one of the four major dust storms in China. The Uygur word “Taklimakan” means “abandoned homeland“.
  • 46. Lop Nur, the largest dry lake, is located in the northeastern desert area of Ruoqiang County, Bayinguoling Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture. Well-known scientist Peng Jiamu and explorer Yu Chunshun were killed here.
  • 47. The most emeralds are found in Altay Region. It is rich in storage. Reserves accounts for 99% of the total amount of the country. It is China’s largest producer of emeralds.
  • 48. Lake Aiding, the lowest lake, is 155 meters below sea level and located 50 kilometers south of Turpan city in Turpan area. There are abundant resources, such as salt, mirabilite and other minerals. Edin Lake in Uygur means “Lake of Moonlight”.
  • 49. The only river that flows into the Arctic Ocean is the Ertiz River. It originated from Altai Mountain, which is located in Fuyun County, Altai area, has a total length of 2969 kilometers. The river runs 546 kilometers from south to north across Altay, flows into Zhaisangpo, Kazakhstan, and then flows northward into the Obi River, eventually into the Arctic Ocean.
  • 50. The largest group of silicified wood is located in the area of General Gobi of Qitai County. Silicified Wood Group is also known as paleofossil forest. Silicified wood is the witness of species evolution and geographical “history book”, which faithfully records the vicissitudes of the landscape.
  • 51. The longest desert highway, 522 kilometers in length, is the world’s first grade highway built in the mobile desert.
  • 52. The earliest forest law was unearthed in Hotan Niya. The emergence of the Forest Law shows that the phenomenon of deforestation in Tarim area at that time has attracted the attention of the government.
  • 53. The hottest place is Turpan. Turpan is the seat of the Regional Administrative Office. Turpan is a famous tourist city with a population of 200,000. Turpan’s surface temperature is 70 degrees in summer, the highest record is 82 degrees.
  • 54. Xinjiang is the province with the largest coal resources, with 1.8 trillion tons, accounting for 40% of the national reserves.
  • 55. Dabancheng wind power plant is the largest wind power plant. Its current generation capacity is 100,000 kw.
  • 56. The largest seismic fault zone is in Baiyanggou, Fuyun County, with a fracture length of 176 km. It was created by the 8 magnitude earthquake in 1931.
  • 57. The largest iron meteorite, weighing about 30 tons, was found in Altay in 1898. It is the largest iron meteorite in China and the third largest in the world.
  • 58. The largest indricotherium fossil is 4 meters high and 9 meters long. Unearthed in Shanshan County, Turpan in the 1990s, it is the largest indricotherium fossil found in China.
  • 59. The longest brick-paved highway, located in Ruoqiang County, is a section of 218 county highway from k931 mileage to k1033 mileage, totaling 102 kilometers. It was built with 61.2 million bricks in August, 1966. Thirty-five years later, the road remains intact.
  • 60. The best jade Nephrite are called “Kunlun Mountain Jade” in ancient times. It is mainly distributed in the Kunlun Mountains south of Tianshan Mountains. Suet Jade is the king of white jade.
  • 61. The largest national musical instrument. The Shufu County of Kashgar is known as the township of Chinese national musical instruments. It exhibited 5.7 metres of Rewafu and 3.74 metres of Shatar at the Ukraine Fair.
  • 62. Xinjiang is the largest cotton-producing region in China. More than 15 million mu of cotton is planted in Tianshan, with an annual output of more than 1.7 million tons. It accounts for 1/3 of the total amount of the country and 8% of the total amount of the world.
  • 63. The King of Spruce, found in Ili, is 365 years old and about 60 meters tall. It is the largest spruce ever found and collected, so it is called King of Spruce.
  • 64. Xinjiang is the largest hop producing area and one of the three largest hop planting bases in the world. It ranks first in the world and the highest in Asia. Annual output accounts for 80% of the country’s total. The main component of hops is formic acid.
  • 65. Xinjiang is the largest production base of tomato products. The content of tomato haematochrome in Xinjiang is very high, ranking first in five continents.
  • 66. Provinces with the longest route and the largest number of terminals. There are more than 50 domestic and foreign routes at Urumqi International Airport in Xinjiang, and 12 terminals in all parts of Xinjiang. Navigable mileage is 161,800 kilometers.
  • 67. Tarim Basin, the largest natural gas resource base, is rich in natural gas resources, accounting for 28% of the total land natural gas resources in China.
  • 68. The largest lithium salt field is Xinjiang lithium salt field. Lithium is a rare metal, industrial additive, known as industrial monosodium glutamate.
  • 69. The provinces and regions with the most mountains open to the outside world in Xinjiang. At present, there are eleven peaks has been opened up in Xinjiang, such as the famous Qiaogori, Mustag, Tomur (7443 meters), Bogda and so on.
  • 70. The largest manuscript is Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping, which was handwritten by Cheng Dechun, a retired old man in Changji City. (92 cm x 61 cm)
  • 71. Province with the largest number of land border ports. At present, Xinjiang has two air ports, one railway port and fifteen highway ports, which distribute in the north and south of Tianshan Mountains. It is the province with the largest number of land border ports in China.
  • 72. Shenxian Bay sentry post, the highest sentry post, is located among the peaks of the Karakoram Ranges, with an altitude of 5380 meters. It is the highest sentry post in China.
  • 73. The provinces with the largest number of neighbouring countries. Xinjiang’s border line is 5,600 kilometers long and it is adjacent to eight countries, namely Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Afghanistan and India. Border commodity trade ports are prosperous and have become an important frontier and gateway for opening up in Western China.
  • 74. Messilev, the largest number of singers and dancers, is a group of large-scale singing and dancing activities, with tens of thousands of large-scale scenes.
  • 75. Adili Wushor, the most famous high-altitude prince, who was born in Yingjisha, Kashgar, is the sixth generation of Dawaz descendants.He has defeated the Canadian “high-altitude prince” Kglen, and refreshed the Guinness record many times.
  • 76. The girl with the most braids is Uygur girl. The largest number of braids can reach hundreds.
  • 77. The most romantic way of courtship is girls’ pursuit. It is the unique courtship ceremony of Kazakh nationality.
  • 78. Small leather cap, the smallest cap, is a special product of Yutian County in Hetian District. It is worn by married women and resembles a small tea bowl with 1 cm eaves, 3 cm diameter crown and 10 cm height cap barrel.
  • 79. Hetian carpet, the oldest carpet, are famous local products in Xinjiang. The most well-preserved and oldest Hetian carpet can be traced back to the Han and Jin Dynasties. The 432 square meters carpet decorated by the Great Hall of the People weighs 2.5 tons. It is the largest carpet in China. It is woven by Urumqi Carpet Factory.
  • 80. The largest wild wapiti provenance base is in the Tarim River Basin, Xinjiang. The total number is more than 50,000. It is the largest provenance base of wild wapiti in China. The scientific name is Tarim wapiti or Yerqiang wapiti.
  • 81. Twelve Mukam, the most piece of music, is Uygur folk classical music. There are 12 sets of music and more than 340 pieces of music. It takes 24 hours to sing from beginning to end. It is the most piece of music in China. The more familiar repertoire is “Alip and the Cenum“.
  • 82. Living fossil beaver belongs to Mammals. It also is known as castor. Chinese beaver is Mongolia subspecies of Eurasian beaver, a living specimen of ancient vertebrates. It is an endangered animal protected at the national level. It mainly distributes in Qinghe County of Altay area, and only about 500 beavers remain at present. The beaver’s fur and spices are extremely precious.
  • 83. The most interesting way to cook milk is an ancient custom of the Kazakh people. Milk is first squeezed into bowls or barrels, then pebbles are washed out and discolored by fire, and quickly put into milk. The barrel of milk boils when it throws stones several times in a row. Kazakhs call it “Kurdik” and it tastes different.
  • 84. The largest cold-water fish production base, Sailimu Lake in Bortala Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture, is the largest cold-water fish production base in China, producing coregonus peled and coregonus autumnalis. Sailimu Lake is a freshwater mountain lake with an elevation of 2073 meters, an area of 475 square kilometers, and an average annual temperature of 0.5 degrees C.
  • 85. The largest Nang, Kuqa’s Nang, is as big as a wheel. Its diameter is generally more than 50 centimeters. Nang is a kind of fermented bread baked in a steamed pit. It is a unique food for ethnic minorities in Xinjiang.
  • 86. Wild horse, the most precious wild animal, is the Pushi wild horse, which lives in the Karamari hoofed animal reserve in Junggar Basin. There are 201 wild horses in existence. It was named after the discovery of the Russian Explorer Przevaski in the Junggar Basin of Xinjiang in 1876.
  • 87. The largest wild apocynum venetum producing area, mainly in the Tarim Basin, distributes about 530,000 hectares, produces 100,000 tons of hemp silk annually, and a large number of hemp leaves. Apocynum venetum is a treasure all over its body, its stem is the raw material of paper, and its silk can be used to make green and environmentally friendly household articles; its branches and leaves are precious medicines and can be used to make health drinks, and its roots can also be used to extract rubber.
  • 88. The largest wild rose garden is located in the Tarbahatai Mountains in Tacheng City. The area is about 380,000 mu. It is said, it can pick 5.7 million kilograms of flowers per year and extract 570 kilograms of roses. The amount can be in exchange for more than 10,000 pieces of gold.
  • 89. Walnut with thinnest skin is walnut with paper skin. It is produced in Kashgar, Aksu and other places. Gongliu County has the only wild walnut forest in the country, about 2700 mu.
  • 90. The largest wild fruit forest is located in the mountainous area of Gongliu and Xinyuan County in Yili. It covers an area of about 140,000 Mu and produces about 1,000 tons of wild fruit annually. Wild fruit tree is a rare tree, which maintains the unique species gene of nature.
  • 91. The oldest fig king. There is a fig tree in Hetian city. It is over 200 years old and has a large crown with twisted roots and gnarled branches. Figs are distributed in Kashgar, Hetian ,Atushi and so on. Xinjiang is the largest fig producing area in China.
  • 92. The most fragrant pear is fragrant pear. Korla fragrant pear is the best pear in the country, with an annual output of over one million tons.
  • 93. The sweetest melon is Hami melon. Xinjiang muskmelon has the longest cultivation history, the largest planting area, the richest variety and the highest sugar content. Hami melon is named for King Hami’s tribute. The more famous varieties are Heimeimao, Hongxincui, Jiashi Karakusai and so on.
  • 94. The largest Sanzi. The Abolize Building in Urumqi launched a huge Sanzi which is 2 meters high and weighing 160 kilograms in front of the door on November 14, 2004. The length is probably the same as Urumqi Outer Ring Road. Sanzi is a kind of fried wheaten food favored by Muslims in Xinjiang.
  • 95. The longest dragon whiskers noodles. Mr. Li Enhai, was born in 1948 and was formerly the chef of General Wang Zhen. In 2000, he pulled out 104,8576 dragon whiskers noodles from a kilogram of Xinjiang local noodles, about 2652 kilometers. He could pass through 20 noodles at the same time from the eyes of embroidery needles, which is the best in the world.
  • 96. The most cold-resistant flower is saussurea involucrate. It grows on the snowy peak of Tianshan Mountains at an altitude of about 3000 meters. Saussurea involucrate is a good medicine for gynecology and rheumatism.
  • 97. Largest cake. In 2000, the Tourism Bureau of Bayinguoling Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture launched a large cake with a length of 100 meters, a width of 107 meters and a thickness of 0.5 meters in the People’s Square of Korla City, weighing about 15 tons.
  • 98. The largest Nang pit is located in Dawazi Style Park of Grape Valley Amusement Park in Turpan. It is 8 meters high and 10 meters in diameter. It can roast a camel, two cows and ten sheep at the same time.
  • 99. The best person to walk is Saimeti Yiming, a teacher of Lianmuqin Middle School in Shanshan County. He had walked 79.6 kilometres in 24 hours on stilts.
  • 100. The last mulberry paper is a kind of folk handicraft paper with mulberry bark as raw material. Tohuti Buck, an old man in Buda Village, Puchakchi Township, Moyu County, Hetian District, is the only artisan who can make mulberry paper. The mulberry paper, the most precious green environmental paper today, may soon disappear permanently.